Lettuce Leaf Tea……..? – T Ching

Every once in a while I come across something new, and lettuce leaf tea is a good example. I’ve never heard of it before. I found a few resources that give information about the amazing health benefits of this leaf, and when it’s organic it’s even better. So join me in learning about this interesting tissane.

Lettuce was first grown by the ancient Egyptians, thousands of years ago. It was considered to be “sacred”  due to its perceived healing benefits. Today, we can find lettuce in most every market around the world. Its use as a medicinal tea, however, has not yet become mainstream here in the U.S.

Health Benefits of Lettuce

There appear to be at least eight health qualities of the lettuce leaf that we should familiarize ourselves with.

  1. Neuroprotective features. There is animal based research to suggest that lettuce leaf extract can protect neurons in the brain from dying. It is believed that neuronal death causes memory loss which is the hallmark of a variety of forms of dementia.
  2. Reduces inflammation. Inflammation is the new issue that the alternative community is focusing on. The belief is that inflammation is the root cause of almost ALL diseases, both chronic and acute. In experimental models, lettuce leaf has been shown to impact inflammation.
  3. Aides in sleep. “One of the major traditional uses of lettuce in Unani medicine was as a sleep inducer. Research into the extracts of lettuce resulted in the isolation of a depressant chemical. This chemical, when administered in experimental animals, showed significant sedative effects. A 2013 research report, suggests that the main component(s) responsible for this effect in lettuce is most likely to be the non-polar agent(s),which are found in the n-butanol fraction (NBF)of this plant. [source] Decreased heart rate and ventricular contractions were also observed. This particular chemical acts by blocking the excitatory signal processes of muscular and neural tissues.”
  4. Reduces anxiety. There is some animal research that suggests that lettuce leaf has anxiolytic properties. When we consider how much money is spent annually on anti-anxiety medications, it’s certainly reasonable to consider this natural remedy. Apart from possible allergic reactions, which are possible with any food, there are no apparent side effects.
  5. Cholesterol lowering. Although there is some controversy regarding high levels of LDL cholesterol and its impact on heart health and stroke, there is evidence that lettuce leaf can lower cholesterol.
  6. Reduces the risk of certain cancers.
  7. Rich source of antioxidants. “Studies have shown that lettuce possesses antioxidants with significant free radical-scavenging capabilities. [source] Antioxidants are a wide range of biochemicals mostly found in our diet; they are also very necessary for human health. Antioxidants act as barriers to free radicals, which are produced during cellular metabolism. These free radicals attack healthy tissues, cells, and the DNA inside them. They can often cause healthy cells to mutate into cancer cells. The result is the development of various diseases. Antioxidants, on the other hand, counteract these free radicals and neutralize them before the free radical attacks take place.”
  8. Antimicrobial properties. I know that white tea has been shown to have an abundance of antimicrobial properties. It appears that lettuce leaf does as well.

Given all the evidence of potential health benefits, I think it’s reasonable to add this healthy plant into our wellness routine. I can’t say that I’ve ever seen lettuce leaf tea for sale, but fortunately, we have google to lead the way. Remember that with all plants and food products, organic is always best.

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Blast From the Past: Tea and its unique synergism of caffeine and L-theanine

Over the years, there have been many studies looking at the effects of caffeine and – more recently – L-theanine on human performance and mood.  However, I have noticed a growing body of research looking at the synergistic effect of both as found in tea.  Most recently, I read a study, sponsored by The Journal of Nutrition which looked at the effects of caffeine and L-theanine on cognitive performance.

I’m sure all readers are familiar with caffeine, either from personal experience or reading.  For those of you, however, who are not familiar with L-theanine, just a few bits of information.  L-theanine is found only in tea in any significant amount.  It is an amino acid that has a relaxing effect physiologically and subjectively.  This is further supported by research that shows distinct increases in the alpha brain-wave frequency.  Alpha, as many of you may know (especially if you were of college age in the 1960s), has been long associated with a relaxed, but alert state, of consciousness.

Without going into too much detail about how the study was set up, they looked at 44 young adults who consumed a RTD tea beverage, concocted for this study, that contained 40 mg of caffeine and 97 mg of L-theanine, along with sweeteners and lemon flavor, in a powder form combined with water.  The beverage used for the placebo group contained the same ingredients, except the caffeine and L-theanine.  The normal ratio of caffeine to L-theanine found in tea (35–61 mg of caffeine and 4.5–22.5 mg) was jacked up on the L-theanine side for this study because they were more interested in looking at what L-theanine adds to caffeine.  The subjects were given a variety of performance tasks related to attention and speed of processing and had their blood pressure and alertness/tiredness periodically monitored.

The results showed that the synergistic effect of caffeine and L-theanine specifically improved attentional functioning on challenging, complex tasks vs. previous findings on caffeine showing attentional improvement on more simple tasks.  In addition, as you might imagine, the combination also showed an increase in perceived alertness and reduction in fatigue as reported by a subjective measure completed by participants.  The final results also showed that, although there was a slight increase in systolic blood pressure, it was smaller than what is typically found in studies looking at the effects of caffeine alone on blood pressure.  The authors further pointed out that previous meta-analyses of the effects of tea on blood pressure suggest that long-term consumption appears not to increase blood pressure and, in fact, has shown to be protective of stroke incidents.

It is for the above reasons that tea has had such a propitious history in helping people improve performance (and health), whether for meditation or figuring out complex mathematical equations.  Drink your tea and live life to its fullest.

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This post first published November 2010 by Sandy Bushberg.

Persimmons, Tea and Beyond

When late fall arrives and the farmers markets are flooded with fresh persimmons in two major varieties: Fuyu (the flat oblong ones that may be enjoyed hard like an apple or softer if you are patient) and Hachiyas, (the heart-shaped ones that must be fully ripened and therefore meltingly soft and pudding-like to enjoy). I am primed for that most special of special seasonal treats: the hoshigaki. The dried, jammy, soft, leathery and altogether rare treat found in Japanese and other pan-Asian markets around my city. Here is a fruit that has been processed as a kind of labor of love, over a period of weeks. Each peeled fruit, hung on a string in an airy warm place, regularly massaged by hand to ensure that the inner pulp of the fruit broken up and retaining their teardrop shape all during the process. I like to think of the similarities between the care and artisanship involved in producing these fruits and what goes into producing the finest teas.  At this time of year, I await the pleasure of exploring the relationships between the two by tasting my tea of choice alone, the fruit alone, and then the two together in one mouth-filling experience.

Although the tradition of drying persimmons most likely originated in Japan in the 8th to 12th centuries, with examples of them in Korea and in China (whose versions, respectively, gotgam and shibing, are a fraction of the price since they are not hand massaged or suspended on string as are the traditional far more labor-intensive hoshigaki), feel free to enjoy them with teas from China or India. Unsweetened black teas suit my palate, balancing the intense though not cloying sweetness of the fruit which is traditionally made with the otherwise astringent-when-unripe Hachiya variety of persimmon. Since the mouth-puckering tannins in these are water soluble, when the fruit is dried with much of its moisture evaporated the tannins are no longer perceived by the tastebuds.

Adding one more layer of excitement to this late-fall pleasure, bites of a well-aged English or domestic cheddar or other hard cheese work well in a back-and-forth tasting experience with warm or even cooled-down tea as the beverage of choice here. Sneak in bites of the sweet hoshigaki which play well against the salty presence of the cheese. Tea here is not only the social lubricant for a great get-together but also unites the fruit and cheese as you nibble on a bit of one and then on the other. A croute of pita or other flatbread–toasted but first lightly brushed with fruity olive oil–makes the tasting an event, adding crunchy texture and heft. How’s this for an intro to Thanksgiving dinner? And you can continue serving tea throughout the dinner. Who says that the beverage with dinner has to be a fruity red wine, champagne, or beer? (Although all are good choices in my book.)  What about the teetotalers (those devoted totally to tea?) among us?

5 Ways to Enjoy Japanese Green Tea – Part 2

Continued from yesterday’s post

3. Tulsi with Hot Milk and Matcha

Is it a cold day and you want something warm to warm you up and soothe your mood? Well we know the perfect fix to keep you cozy inside! Prepare some hot milk with matcha and add a touch of tulsi and you’ll have yourself the perfect concoction to brighten any gloomy day. Because tulsi is actually good for your health (much like green tea), milk with matcha and tulsi is not only a great way to get nutrients, it’s an easy and yummy way to do so. From helping to relieve stress to providing your body with necessary antioxidants, there are several reasons that you should consume this delectable drink as often as you can.

How to: Make sure to grind the matcha and tulsi before putting your milk on to boil. As the milk starts to boil, mix in the blend of matcha and tulsi. Take tastes as you mix it in completely to make sure that you get the perfect blend.

4. Tulsi Green Tea Cocktail

Are you having friends over for a special event and looking to try new things to amaze them? Well, a great way to freshen things up is to add tulsi and green tea to your choice of liquor (though we would have to say that we like the taste of green tea with vodka or gin). The rich mint flavor of the tulsi brings a green tea cocktail to a whole other level of exotic making it an idyllic option for when you want to surprise your guests with something that they’ll question at first but end up loving. We always love this type of daring cocktail with a touch of lemon for a winning drink that will make your guests ask for more. While liquors like rum or whiskey may not blend well with the rich flavors of green tea and tulsi, you can try your favorite liquors until you find the one that works best for your palate and tastes great in cocktails.

How to: There are different ways to make this type of cocktail but the easiest way to do so is to make a tea with your green tea and tulsi. Make sure that you let it sit long enough for the water to really get the flavors. Once the tea is cool and you can taste the tulsi and green tea, shake with ice and your favorite type of liquor and additional ingredients for an incredible tasting cocktail.

5. Tulsi Matcha and Ice Cream

Who says that dessert can’t contain some of your favorite Indian spice? We think that tulsi can be amazing, and that’s why we think one of its best uses is with matcha ice cream. It’s the perfect blend of minty and sweet that makes for a marriage that is so perfect you’ll wonder why this isn’t a world-famous ice cream flavor. What’s even better is that you can now wow your family or guests with an ice cream pairing that is to die for. Pair this ice cream with anything from a cobbler, to pie, to brownies and you’ll be amazed at just how incredible the flavor really is.

How to: Make sure to get your favorite type of ice cream for this recipe (although it pairs best with vanilla). Boil water and add matcha, making sure to blend it in well. Grind tulsi and then add it as well. Whisk the blend for a few minutes and when you’re confident the flavors are blended together perfectly, pour it over your ice cream and voila! You’ll have a uniquely delectable dessert that won’t disappoint.

In Conclusion

While you don’t want to add tulsi to just anything, it can be amazing when paired wisely. Do some research and try various combinations with tulsi and matcha and you’ll be able to use your favorite ingredients in new ways that will make you wonder why you never tried them before.

Whether you’re looking for a new type of tea to drink or are simply looking for new ways to make dessert, these ideas will get you started using tulsi and matcha in the best way possible. If you can’t get enough of your green tea and tulsi, you don’t have to stop enjoying them. As you can see from the information above, there are still so many ways to enjoy these ingredients that you know and love.


5 Ways to Enjoy Japanese Green Tea – Part 1

If you’ve never had tulsi before, it’s about time that you tried this amazing spice. If you have had it before or use it regularly, then you know just how delicious it can be in almost anything. Tulsi smells much like clove and has a strong, mint-like flavor that can be delightful when combined with the right type of food and drink.

Tulsi is considered to be a holy plant in India. Because of this, it can be found growing in almost every household in the country. This is one reason why you can find Tulsi in many Indian dishes. Tulsi is believed to be the incarnation of a royal princess who was in love with Krishna.

A surprising way to use tulsi is with green tea and matcha. If you’re looking for new recipes for drinks and meals, the following 5 ways to use tulsi with green tea will provide you with ideas that you may have never thought of trying before:

1.Tulsi with Matcha

If you’re looking for a new way to wake up in the morning or get a bit of a kick when you’re facing a lull in the middle of the day, a tulsi with matcha tea blend can make a world of difference. Because it is an energy-inducing spice, it’s a great addition to any type of tea, especially with your favorite matcha tea. Both ingredients are known to be good for our health, so just imagine how amazing this blend can be for you.

You can drink these two ingredients together as a hot tea, add light milk foam to your tea to make a latte, or even make a smoothie out of them! However, if you feel like drinking some of nature’s best ingredients will be the best way for you to enjoy this pairing and surprisingly, it can be used in many more ways than what we’ve mentioned above.

How to: Grind the tulsi and matcha separately before preparing your food or drink, then mix them together to blend the flavors together.

2. Tulsi with Sencha

For those who prefer sencha over matcha, there is something to be said about the flavor of tulsi with Sencha. If you like the way that sencha can help to provide you with a clear, energetic mind while also calming your nerves, just imagine drinking a glass of Sencha tea or a Sencha smoothie with it. It’s the perfect option for those days when you have to keep on working but find yourself stressed and with your nerves all over the place.

A warm cup of tulsi/sencha tea can help you to relax yet carry on with your project and get it done. We love this blend as sencha has a vegetal flavor that is rich and refreshing. Sometimes, however, it may be too “spinach-like” for some people, so the addition of the minty tulsi gives it a more pleasant tea-like flavor.

How to: Before you prepare anything with sencha and tulsi, you’ll want to make sure to boil the sencha and tulsi together to get the most you can from the flavors.

To be concluded tomorrow


Harding Intsik in Manila – T Ching

Harding Intsik, an obscure attraction inside Manila’s vast Rizal Park, is a Chinese garden designed and gifted decades ago by the Taiwanese government.  A set of postage stamps featuring two of the most notorious dictators in Asia–namely Philippines’s Ferdinand Marcos and Taiwan’s Chiang Kai-shek–commemorates the garden’s completion in 1967.

Though not as splendid as Chinese gardens elsewhere, Harding Intsik incorporates the essential elements – zigzag bridge over pond, pavilions and corridors, statues of literati, lush vegetation, etc.  It could be the only oriental garden, on Planet Earth, adorned with giant palm trees!  No tea house or tea service onsite though.

 Before arriving in Manila during an eight-hour layover, I was warned numerous times about the city’s traffic congestion, which restricted my adventure to only the must-visit Intramuros – Spanish Colonial Period’s Walled City.  Manila is endowed with a sizable Chinatown and the peculiar Chinese Cemetery, neither of which piqued my interest.  It was during the drive to Intramuros that I stumbled upon Harding Intsik.

Those who were at the garden that rainy afternoon appeared to be university students.  They found shelter to escape the unpleasant mishmash of rain and heat; I could picture them sitting at the same spot, reading the same book in any sunny day though. Whatever they were drinking to quench thirst and combat humidity was either coffee or water, not tea.  Most tourists graded the garden lackluster, even a waste of time.  Certainly it was not built for tourists.  Its construction aimed to attain political goals, which fortunately entertain residents of a cacophonous, over-populated metropolis.

This is my tenth year contributing to T Ching.  I decided to write about Harding Intsik while reading in one review, after my trip, that although the Taiwanese government, more specifically, the Nationalist Party’s exploitation of taxpayer money, funded the entire project, all “evidence” such as commemorative plaques had been removed or replaced since the so-called “Rise of China.”  My tour guide photographed me holding an umbrella in front of the winding corridor.  How I wish I had turned around to inspect one plaque pinned to the corridor pillar, as shown in the photo, but there is really not a need.  Due to pressure from China, Taiwan is not admitted to not only the United Nations but also organizations such as the United Nations’ information-distributing, humanitarian agency WHO (World Health Organization).  At China’s request earlier this year, major airlines deleted references to Taiwan in their flight schedules.  The East Asian Olympic Committee barred TaiChung, Taiwan’s second largest city, from hosting the East Asian Youth Games.  All had been a struggle for the oppressed during the past ten years, and the struggle persists in the coming ten years when the oppressor wields power regardless of the sophomoric, trite propaganda and implementation.

Images provided by author

Blast From the Past: Time for moving on

Coffee and I had an ugly divorce.
“Bad for you,” the doctor said,
“Too much caffeine for your heart. Try green tea.”

Rather than marvel that a trained Medicine Man was endorsing
tea, I grieved. Suffered.
Woes of unrequited love. Anger. Denial. Deal-making.

The trappings of my failed marriage were lined up on the counter:
grinder; espresso maker; the finest muslin filters. A dozen message mugs.
Half-empty bags of beans.
All victims of a relationship turned sour.

My first dates with tea were blind. Bags.
I almost had one of those internet flings after
flirting with the likes of Twinings and Harney & Sons.

Rescued from the brink by T Ching, I am in love again.

No regrets.

Originally posted in November 2008 by uncredited

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Benefits of Tea for Your Mental Health – Part 2

In conclusion from yesterday’s post

  • Green tea. As illustrated by the discussion above, green tea is by far the most beneficial beverage when it comes to mental health improvement. The L-theanine, caffeine, and catechins in its composition prevent cognitive decay, enhance memory and alertness, and ward off depression and anxiety. However, other varieties have their benefits as well.
  • White tea. Clinical trials carried out in 2015 on lab rats showed that the caffeine contained by white tea maintains the health of the cerebral cortex when the beverage is consumed daily. Of course, this caffeine has other benefits as well, all of which have been presented in the previous section of the article.
  • Sage tea. The effects sage has on brain health are well-documented within the medical community. It can revert some of the damage done by Alzheimer’s disease, as well as enhance mood, memory, and mental function. One way to incorporate sage extract into your diet to achieve these benefits is by making it into tea, of course.
  • Lemon balm tea. Lemon balm is another herb with positive consequences for mental health and cognitive function. Mood, mental performance, and memory function are just a few examples of what can be improved with the help of the beverage. In addition to this, the drink promotes a sense of calmness, decreasing stress and anxiety levels.  
  • Gotu kola. The ancient Indian medical practice of Ayurveda hold the gotu kola herb quite dear, as it is a typical compound in many healing teas. Its bitter and pungent, yet sweet aroma isn’t useful only for spicing up the aroma of the hot drink, but also for your mind. Gotu kola keeps your brain sharp and your attention focused on what matters during the course of the day.
  • Rosemary. Anyone who is fond of cooking, meat in particular, knows what’s up with rosemary. The savory and appealing aroma of the herb is often used to condiment steaks and oven-fried vegetables, but did you know that it’s also quite relaxing? Rosemary tea is an effective treatment for stress and anxiety, as it helps you unwind after a long and busy schedule.
  • Ginkgo biloba. Everyone is familiar with the advantageous outcomes of gingko biloba on memory. Supplements advertise it all the time, but you don’t need to take it in pill form to achieve this. The herb makes for a great tea, and it works wonders for both young people, as well as older individuals with neurodegenerative conditions.

Tea can positively impact your mental health in many ways. Green tea is by far the most efficient beverage from this point of view due to compounds such as caffeine, L-theanine, and catechins. However, other types of traditional teas and herbal infusions help in areas such as memory, focus, or stress relief. The beverage is an overall win on the wellbeing front.

Image source: DepositPhotos

Author Bio: Mike Jones is a Boston-based health and beauty writer. His work is featured mostly on HomeRemedyShop, but he usually contributes to multiple authoritative websites on the web. Through his writing, Mike constantly encourages everyone to embrace the healing power of nature.

Benefits of Tea for Your Mental Health – Part 1

Guest Contribution by Mike Jones

Tea is the quintessential health-boosting drink. Due to the increase in popularity of the organic living trend, more and more people nowadays have taken a liking to it, and it has to do with more than just its pleasant aroma and soothing warmth. One major benefit includes the positive effect it has on mental health.

L-Theanine and Caffeine

There are many reasons behind this. First of all, tea contains an adequate dose of caffeine, which increases alertness and improves mental focus. However, when its effects wear off, there are other compounds which work on relieving your mind from the damaging effects of stress, anxiety, and even depressive episodes.

For one, a 2008 study has uncovered that L-theanine, a naturally occurring amino acid that coexists with caffeine solely in teas, is a great way to relax without becoming drowsy. Research conducted one year before showed that the two by their powers combined reduce mental fatigue, while at the same time enhancing memory function and reaction time.

What is more, L-theanine and caffeine have beneficial effects over time as well, as detailed by a study conducted more recently in 2011. The participants in the clinical trial were administered green tea throughout the course of 16 weeks. At the end of the investigation, they exhibited significant cognitive enhancement.

Thus tea, and especially green tea, not only improves your overall mental state for the day, but it can make a positive impact on the long-term too. On top of that, these are merely the outcomes of the action of L-theanine when combined with mild doses of caffeine. There are even more useful compounds in tea that we should consider.

Antioxidant Catechins

Catechins are an antioxidant that is present in green tea, and its outcomes in the case of achieving better mental health have been demonstrated by several studies. A study performed back in 2004 on animal subjects and published in the Experimental Gerontology journal proved this hypothesis with the help of at-risk mice.

The advantageous consequences of catechin therapy include the prevention of cognitive dysfunction, as well as the development of better memory skills. In addition to this, the antioxidant impedes negative brain changes from occurring, which can counteract neurodegenerative conditions in the long run.

Furthermore, one catechin known as theogallin has anti-depressive effects on the brain when working together with the L-theanine in tea. All in all, the main mental health benefits of the beverage are a result of all the health-enhancing compounds that go into it working together.

Image source: DepositPhotos

Author Bio: Mike Jones is a Boston-based health and beauty writer. His work is featured mostly on HomeRemedyShop, but he usually contributes to multiple authoritative websites on the web. Through his writing, Mike constantly encourages everyone to embrace the healing power of nature.

Rose Hip Tisane – T Ching

The Nootka rose, a species of wild rose native to the United States

A few weeks back, my husband went for a walk in a forested area and brought me back a surprise: Freshly-picked rose hips! He knows that I’m always excited to receive ingredients to use for medicinal purposes, and rose hips are a powerhouse of healthful benefits.

Rose hips are the name for the fruit that grows on the rose plant after the flowers have faded. Many people might not realize, but roses are in the family Rosaceae and therefore related to apples, pears, cherries, apricots, and almonds! Rose hips ripen to a bright, cheerful red and are a very healthy fruit. I would only recommend caution when gathering rose hips that you be certain you know what conditions they were grown in, as many domestic roses are sprayed with bug sprays or other chemicals. You certainly don’t want that unexpected ingredient in your tisane! If wildcrafting, you might want to double-check that you are allowed to harvest the fruit at that location, as some federal parks do not allow it. Finally, while all rose hips are edible, the tartness and amount of flavor can vary.

The Nootka rose hips once I finished scooping the seeds out

Drying rose hips is quite simple. Carefully cut off the very top and the very bottom so all that’s left is the bright red fruit. Next, spread them out in the open air for a few days to begin drying. Then cut them in half and scoop out all of the seeds! The seeds can be used to grow more roses, but the hairs on them can be irritating so it’s not advised that they be eaten. Then simply allow the halved, seeded rose hips to dry for a few more days until they are completely dry. Then they can be either chopped or not, depending on your preference, and placed in an airtight, light-proof container.

Nootka rose hip on bush

The hips that my husband brought me are from one of the local wild rose plants, rosa nutkana or the Nootka Rose. Every part of the Nootka Rose was used by the local Salish peoples, for food or for medicine. The hips were traditionally eaten fresh, mixed with salmon eggs. They are also still used today by locals in the same manner as any other rose hip: made into a tisane, jam, or syrup.

The best-known medicinal purpose of rose hips is that they are an excellent source of Vitamin C, so they’re recommended for preventing colds and boosting the immune system. However, both the drying process and age cause the quantity of Vitamin C to depreciate over time, so they’re not something you want to keep on your shelf for long periods of time: The fresher the better! They’re also traditionally considered to be useful for digestive problems and used topically in lotions and oils for improving skin elasticity.

Research has shown that taking a rose hip product 3-4 times per day reduced pain and stiffness associated with osteoarthritis. Some early research has shown tentative results for slightly reducing blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and that it can be helpful for improving some symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Early research has also shown that applying a cream containing rose hip oil (and some other ingredients) twice per day was helpful in reducing or preventing stretch marks during pregnancy.

The major precautions against ingesting rose hips are all related to the Vitamin C content: Pregnancy and breast-feeding, arthritis, kidney stones, iron-related disorders, stroke, blood clots, et cetera. Likewise contraindications with any medications that can be affected by Vitamin C. (If in doubt, ask your doctor or pharmacist!)

When used in a tisane, rose hips should be steeped for at least ten minutes in freshly boiled water to help get the maximum benefit from the fruit. The flavor is light and fruity. I often mix it with rose petals and catnip for a floral/herbal/fruity blend that I find to be a delightful combination of both flavor and medicinal benefit!

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Wikipedia: Rosaceae
A Selection of Pacific Northwest Native Plants Traditional and Modern Harvest and Use (PDF Document)
Salish Harvest: Nootka Rose (Rosa Nutkana)
WebMD: Rose Hips